FROM SCRATCH Interpret Ah Cheng’s “the King of Chess” and Wang Xiaobo’s “The Golden Age” for how the Cultural Revolution is understood artistically in eras (mid-1980s for Ah and Mid-1990s for Wang) when culture was relatively open. How do these later attempts to create meaning from the wreckage of the Cultural Revolution differ from the earlier “Scar Literature” (i.e.,Lu Xin-hua’s “The Wounded”) and more realist fiction (like Wang Angyi’s “The Destination”)? To put it another way, once the goal of writing into existence the “new socialist human” is finally discredited after Mao, what takes its place for these writers? Why might they have located their explorations in the Culture Revolution? Possible themes to pursue are affective relationships, human nature, power and its exercise, morality (sexual or otherwise), and loss and pain.