Quote credits must be must be parenthetical (i.e., within the text of your essay at the end of aquote.)Books: Kaku, Michael. Hyperspace. New York: Anchor Books, 2004.Magazines: Keebler, John. “Terrorism in Britain.” Journal of European Studies August2005: 15-37.URL’s: Shubert, George “Denver to Regulate Dangerous Dogs.” CNN 7September 2005 .(1) Additional notes: Examples above are not the only possible citation formats. Bookswith several authors, magazines with different volume numbers, and Online “e-zines,”“blogs,” etc. must be organized differently than these three citation examples. In caseslike this, use the Scribner Handbook for Writers or the MLA style manual to determinehow to type a citation.(2) Be sure that your computer doesn’t automatically change your format (for example,where it might substitute blue ink for black for a URL).Cover:Do not include a cover sheet on your paper.Endnotes:Either endnotes or footnotes are permitted, but not both.File format:File must be saved as .doc (MSWord) or .docx (Vista) file only or you risk losing yourformatting.Font:Font must be twelve point Times New Roman (black ink only)Footnotes:Either footnotes or endnotes are permitted, but not both.Length:Your paper should be ten pages long. Typically papers shorter than the prescribed length looseten points a page.Maps, drawings, or illustrations:A single map the size of a quarter of a page is permitted if you include the source of the map.Drawings or illustrations should not be included.Margins:Margins must be one inch on all sides.Outlines:Outlines of the papers or outlines within the text: None. Use no outlinesParagraphs:Paragraphs must be double-spaced.Paragraphs must not be indented, except for the first sentence in a paragraph which must be oneor five spaces.Do not include extra spaces between paragraphs.Photographs:Use no photographsQuotations:Use block quotes if the quote is more than three lines long. Double space and doubleeach line of a block quote.Works Cited page: At least five and no more than eight sources in your Works Cited.CHOOSE ONE TOPIC:Approved research paper topics (Choose one topic only)1. In the 2014 gubernatorial race, Wendy Davis was the Democratic Party\’s candidate for governor. Democrats saw an opportunity to turn Texas from a \”red state\” to a \”purple state.\” However, her campaign had quite a few problems, as did the candidate, herself. Analyze why she was not able to run a successful campaign (beyond the conservative political preferences of the average Texan.) 2. The Texas legislature has passed a number of bills in the last few years that consolidate emerging congressional districts under republican control while passing other legislation specifying new requirements for people who wish to vote. Democrats say that these new congressional maps and voting mandates are designed to burden and discourage minority voters from coming out on Election Day. Describe these legislative initiatives and explain why you think the Democrats are right (or why you believe they are wrong.) 3. Fracking: From 1958 until 2008, there was only one measurable earthquake in the Dallas-Ft Worth area, with at least one hundred and fifty in the last seven years in the same area (including 11 during the twenty four hour period of January 7th and 8th of 2015.) Residents in cities like Denton have passed \”no fracking within city limits bans\” in order to protect their property, but the last legislature ruled that local governments could not prohibit oil companies from fracking. The state of Texas says that there is no evidence that fracking causes earthquakes, and when a study arises that suggests that fracking does, the state dismisses the findings. Research the topic of fracking and cities that have expressed concerns (and list those concerns.) Why is the state so reluctant to allow citizens to chose to ban fracking close to their homes? 4. Climatologists say that in spite of all the rain we\’re received last year, Texas in entering a period of perpetual drought. For every five gallons of water removed from the environment, there is only three gallons with which to replace it. Meanwhile, more and more people are moving to Texas. Discuss the implication for Texas over the next thirty years (demographically, economically, agriculturally, architecturally, and in other ways) as the average temperatures rise (in Texas and Mexico) and water becomes an increasingly scarce resource.