This is a take-home exam question so there is no need for referencing outside sources. However, if you want to use outside sources, make sure to reference it in APA.
Obviously there should be a discussion of:
-literary techniques and their effects and their relation to the text as a whole
-short discussion of relevant historic/cultural background if relevant to text\’s style
-no fluff irrelevant information, only focused literary discussion
The question and passage is in the uploaded document.