What is the purpose of publishing academic articles, and what makes them different from newspaper articles?

Please write a paragraph no longer than 150 words and containing only one argument. Your argument must be clearly stated, substantiated and illustrated by making reference to at least one newspaper article and one journal article (see list to choose from below). References must follow the APA style. Full references at the bottom must not be included in the word count, but those in the text must (e.g. Wortley, 2016).

Journal Articles

Knowles, J., Persico, N., and Todd, P. (2001). Racial Bias in Motor Vehicle Searches: Theory and Evidence. The Journal of Political Economy, 109(1), pp.203-229. Available at: https://public.econ.duke.edu/~hf14/teaching/povertydisc/readings/knowles-persico-todd2001.pdf

Novak, K.J. (2004). Disparity and Racial Profiling in Traffic Enforcement. Police Quarterly, 7(1); pp.65-96. Available at: https://pqx.sagepub.com/content/7/1/65.full.pdf

Wolfson, S.R. (2006). Racial Profiling in Texas Department of Public Safety Traffic Stops: Race Aware or Race Benign. St. Mary\’s Law Review on Race and Social Justice, 8(2), pp.117-220. Available at: https://lawspace.stmarytx.edu/archive/files/TheScholar/STMU_TheScholarStMarysLRev_v08i2p0117_Wolfson.pdf

Newspaper Articles

BBC. (2007). SNP\’s random rail search concerns. Available at: https://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/7146957.stm

Doyle, J. (2013). Immigration checks at tube and train stations will not be halted despite allegations of racial profiling. Available at: https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2510277/Immigration-checks-tube-train-stations-halted-despite-allegations-racial-profiling.html

Haddadi, A. (2012). 15 French Minorities File Lawsuit Accusing Police of Racial Profiling. Available at: https://www.ibtimes.co.uk/15-french-file-complaint-accusing-police-racial-327093